Future climate change enhances rainfall seasonality in a regional model of western Maritime Continent

Title Future climate change enhances rainfall seasonality in a regional model of western Maritime Continent
Publication Type Journal Article
Year of Publication 2018
Authors S. Kang, E.-S. Im and E. A. B. Eltahir
Editor Springer-Verlag
Journal Climate Dynamics
Publisher Springer-Verlag

In this study, future changes in rainfall due to global climate change are investigated over the western Maritime Continent based on dynamically downscaled climate projections using the MIT Regional Climate Model (MRCM) with 12 km horizon- tal resolution. A total of nine 30-year regional climate projections driven by multi-GCMs projections (CCSM4, MPI-ESM- MR and ACCESS1.0) under multi-scenarios of greenhouse gases emissions (Historical: 1976–2005, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5: 2071–2100) from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project (CMIP5) are analyzed. Focusing on dynamically downscaled rainfall elds, the associated systematic biases originating from GCM and MRCM are removed based on obser- vations using Parametric Quantile Mapping method in order to enhance the reliability of future projections. The MRCM simulations with bias correction capture the spatial patterns of seasonal rainfall as well as the frequency distribution of daily rainfall. Based on projected rainfall changes under both RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, the ensemble of MRCM simulations project a signi cant decrease in rainfall over the western Maritime Continent during the inter-monsoon periods while the change in rainfall is not relevant during wet season. The main mechanism behind the simulated decrease in rainfall is rooted in asymmetries of the projected changes in seasonal dynamics of the meridional circulation along di erent latitudes. The sinking motion, which is marginally positioned in the reference simulation, is enhanced and expanded under global climate change, particularly in RCP8.5 scenario during boreal fall season. The projected enhancement of rainfall seasonality over the western Maritime Continent suggests increased risk of water stress for natural ecosystems as well as man-made water resources reservoirs.

DOI 10.1007/s00382-018-4164-9
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